Class 10 Environment and Population and Health Note

Quality of Life

Quality of life:

The fulfillment of basic as well as additional needs in order to have a life full of happiness and satisfaction is called quality of life. Quality of life is a degree of happiness or satisfaction that is achieved by the fulfillment of various needs in one’s life.

In a quality of life every sorts of demands of an individual needs to be fulfilled. If a person receives different types of physical facilities but not a secure life then that is not the quality of life. So a quality of life includes all essential services and facilities for the happiness and satisfaction of human being.

The tasks which were thought impossible are nowadays been completed very easy by the assistance of one technology. In the past people were very happy when they got a good fooding, housing and clothing. But eventually the people have started demanding high and high. So their expectations should be met to have a good quality of life for them. In the war stricken countries the stoppage of the war will be the expectation of the people and if the war is stopped then the people will feel secure and happy and their quality of life is accordingly met. Therefore by change of time and the country's situation the definition of the quality of life changes.


The elements of quality of life are as under:
1. Nutritious food
2. Family size
3. Health
4. Sanitation
5. Education
6. Family income
7. Security
8. Saving
9. Housing
10. Social and cultural values
 

Nutritious food: nutritious food is one of the elements of quality of life. It plays an important role to develop family members physically, mentally, emotionally, etc. Lack of nutritious food and balanced diet results malnutrition. Due to malnutrition people become weak, powerless and also suffer from various diseases. 
 

Family size: The family size is an important element for quality of life. It directly affects other elements of quality of life. If the family size is large then the family has to spend more amount of money to fulfill the basic needs where as if the family size is small then the family can easily maintain the basic needs so family size is one of the elements of quality of life.
 

Health: Health is wealth of the man. If money is lost nothing is lost but if health is lost then everything is lost. So health is very important. A person has to have a very good health in order to have a quality of life. So a good health needs to be maintained for all the family members in order to have a quality of life of the family.
 

Sanitation: Sanitation is a very important element of quality of life. If we keep our surrounding such as house, courtyard, waste material pit, public well, tap, path road, ponds, lake, etc. then our life style improves. Consequently, quality of life can be achieved.
 

Education: Education is the only great thing which can lead a man from darkness to brightness. It can make a person learned and an educated person can deal with any sorts of difficulties very easily. Therefore education is considered as an important element of quality of life.

 

Short Notes on:

Low quality of life and family dispute

The fulfillment of basic as well as additional needs in order to have a life full of happiness and satisfaction is called quality of life. Quality of life is a degree of happiness or satisfaction that is achieved by the fulfillment of various needs in one’s life. If these necessary needs are not fulfilled in the family, these will decline the standard of living of family. As a result, the member of the family will be deprived of basic needs. Degradation of quality of life creates a number of problems. In this way, Low quality of life and family dispute.

 

Quality of life and employment

Employment is an important element of quality of life. It directly affects the other elements of quality of life. If the employment then more amount of money should be spent even to fulfill the basic needs of life. In such condition, the needs of the members of small family can easily be fulfilled. They will get an opportunity of quality food, clothes, housing, etc according to the seasons, quality education, health, and recreation. Therefore, to rear children well to provide opportunity of good and quality education, Due to employment parents can easily undertake their responsibilities towards their children. In this way, employment helps to improve the quality of life.
 

Delayed and appropriate age for marriage for quality life

Much harm will be done to the health of women if she conceives the child by marriage at an early age. The effect will be adverse on the health of both mother and child if the child is born at an early age due to early marriage So, proper care of health of both mother and child cannot be made as a result child become mentally physically and intellectually weak. Delayed and appropriate age for marriage helps to make the selection of proper life partner and to be responsible parents. Due to this family life become happy and gives quality of life.

 

 High maternal and infant mortality rates in the family with low quality of life

Low quality of life is resulted whenever there is no any sort of happiness and satisfaction in the life. Low quality of life is also resulted when there is no fulfillment of basic as well as additional needs. High maternal and child death rate has also resulted the low quality of life. When the mother and child lose their life because of lack of provision of good health facilities and services then also the low quality of life is resulted. Therefore the child death rate and maternal death rate must be reduced in order have a good quality of life.

 

Low quality of life and low income

In such low quality of life, it becomes difficult to get employment opportunity; Unemployment means low or no income coming to the family. It promotes the low quality of life due to various reasons. Low income degrades the quality of life. Low income of the family leads to poverty. Since the family income is not adequate to meet the family needs, it results in dissatisfaction. Hence low income makes low quality of life.

 

Problem of sanitation in low quality of life

Sanitation is a very important element of quality of life. If we keep our surrounding such as house, courtyard, waste material pit, public well, tap, path road, ponds, lake, etc. then our life style improves. Consequently, quality of life can be achieved. But lack of education in low quality of life creates sanitation problems.

 

Family size and quality of life

Family size is also an important element of quality of life. It directly affects the other elements of quality of life. If the family size is large then more amount of money should be spent even to fulfill the basic needs of life. In such condition, it becomes difficult to get employment opportunity, provision of security, transport, communication, recreation, human rights, freedom, etc. As a result quality of life in a large family size cannot be easily maintained. The needs of the members of small family can easily be fulfilled. They will get an opportunity of quality food, clothes, housing, etc according to the seasons, quality education, health, employment and recreation. Therefore, to rear children well to provide opportunity of good and quality education, to keep them healthy and strong, and to manage the family expenditure, the family size should be smaller. In small sized family, parents can easily undertake their responsibilities towards their children. In this way, small family size helps to improve the quality of life.

 

Basic needs:

The thing that is very essential for the survival of an individual is called basic needs. Food is the most essential thing required in one’s life. Without food man cannot survive for a single week. Food provides energy to do work and other activities. Similarly clothes are another essential thing required for people to protect themselves from external things. It is also the basic need of people. Also the thing that is of prime necessary to all the living beings is shelter. A good shelter protects the man from heat, rain and other kinds of external things. Such basic needs should be fulfilled in order to live a simple life. Without the basic needs life is not possible.
 

Quality of life and saving:

The degree of happiness or satisfaction in one’s life which is received by the fulfillment of basic as well as additional needs is called quality of life. For a quality of life saving is very important. Many difficulties might arise in one’s life. In such difficulties the most important thing is money. Money is the most important thing in today's world because without money very small thing is also impossible. So saving should be done in order to make the future better in any sorts of difficulties.
 

Family size:

Family size is also an important element of quality of life. It directly affects the other elements of quality of life. If the family size is large then more amount of money should be spent even to fulfill the basic needs of life. In such condition, it becomes difficult to get employment opportunity, provision of security, transport, communication, recreation, human rights, freedom, etc. As a result quality of life in a large family size cannot be easily maintained. The needs of the members of small family can easily be fulfilled. They will get an opportunity of quality food, clothes, housing, etc according to the seasons, quality education, health, employment and recreation. Therefore, to rear children well to provide opportunity of good and quality education, to keep them healthy and strong, and to manage the family expenditure, the family size should be smaller. In small sized family, parents can easily undertake their responsibilities towards their children. In this way, small family size helps to improve the quality of life.
 

Role of education in quality of life:

Education is the light of knowledge. It raises awareness. A person can improve his/her family members' quality of life through the proper knowledge, attitude and skills attained by education. Therefore, education is regarded as an important element of quality of life. Educated people do not have any problems in getting job and earning money. The educated family members are capable to achieve or fulfill their basic and extra needs easily. Likewise, education enables people to use modern services and facilities in a easier way, helping them to improve the quality of life.
 

Low quality of life and high maternal child death rate:

Low quality of life is resulted whenever there is no any sort of happiness and satisfaction in the life. Low quality of life is also resulted when there is no fulfillment of basic as well as additional needs. High maternal and child death rate has also result the low quality of life. When the mother and child lose their life because of lack of provision of good health facilities and services then also the low quality of life is resulted. Therefore the child death rate and maternal death rate must be reduced in order have a good quality of life.

 


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