Class 9 Health, Population and Environment Note

Primary Health Care and Safety Education


1. The first conference of Alma Ata was held on 6-8th September, 1978 by WHO and UNICEF.

2. The main goal of primary health service is to provide primary health care at peoples reach. Primary health services are a democratic service i.e. of the people, for the people and by the people.

3. Primary health care refers to the primary health service provided equally to all people irrespective of their caste, age, religion on the basis of social equity and justice. It is the care of the people, for the people and by the people.

4. An allergy is a sensitive reaction to a substance, which does not normally cause people any discomfort or harm. There is not specific reason for allergy. It is only the sensitive reaction of the body to a substances, insects, plants, chemicals etc in the environment.

5. Good health is fundamentally and intrinsically important to live a worthwhile human life. Good health, in itself, is an end of all human endeavors.

6. Nutrition is one of the most important aspects in determining whether a human being will have a physically strong, mentally alert and emotionally balanced existence.

7. Immunization is a widely accepted level of protection against a large number of communicable diseases. People of developing countries due to the lack of proper knowledge of health, poor economic status and sophisticated curative health services are not in a position to afford the expense of treatment.

8. Safety education refers to the precaution while doing different works. As we know our life is danger in every step. It teaches us rules and regulations to keep us safe from danger.

9. According to Oxford dictionary, “safety education is related to the protection from danger or not exposing risk and not leading harm or injury. Therefore, it is said that safety education is to have a margin or security against risk.”

10. The immediate care that is given to an injured or ill person during accidents before they are taken to the hospital or before the doctor’s arrival is called first aid.

11. Burn is the physical damage in skin due to fire, touching hot objects, scalding, harsh friction, electric shock or accidental contact with chemicals.

12. A sprain is a type of injury that harms ligaments, tendons and the muscle of our body. There may be sprain while playing games, running in the fields, falling in an accident, while driving etc.

13. Altitude sickness is the condition that results from the unaccustomed exposure to a high altitude.

14. Snakebites are very common in the Terai region of Nepal where many types of poisonous snakes are found. Their bites are generally fatal if proper care and treatment is not provided immediately. Snakebites require special care.


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